History Community ~ All Empires Homepage


This is the Archive on WORLD Historia, the old original forum.

 You cannot post here - you can only read.

 

Here is the link to the new forum:

  FAQ FAQ  Forum Search   Events   Register Register  Login Login

Forum LockedThe Ottoman Cossack Brigade and the Crimean War

 Post Reply Post Reply
Author
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Topic: The Ottoman Cossack Brigade and the Crimean War
    Posted: 12-Jan-2009 at 17:10
The Ottoman Cossack Brigade or Kazak-Alaj was founded by Michał Czajkowski/Saduk Pasha in the eve of the Crimean War. The only information I have for the brigade is that it's members were recruited mostly from the christian(Balkan) population ot the empire. There were severeal entirely bulgarian squads or "sotni", to be precise the 3th, 4th and 5th squads in Istanbul and one suqad in Odrin. They recieved military uniforms/supplies from Napoleon III. The flag of the brigade was two-sided, on the front there was the crescent and on the back a cross.
I'm looking for more detailed information.


Edited by czarnian - 12-Jan-2009 at 17:13
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
Temujin View Drop Down
Immortal Guard
Immortal Guard
Avatar
Sirdar Bahadur

Joined: 02-Aug-2004
Location: Eurasia
Status: Offline
Points: 5237
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Temujin Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12-Jan-2009 at 18:51
interesting, never heard of that. where did you read about that?
Back to Top
Sarmat View Drop Down
Immortal Guard
Immortal Guard
Avatar

Joined: 31-May-2007
Location: United States
Status: Offline
Points: 3115
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sarmat Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12-Jan-2009 at 19:05
We know about a long history of "political immigration" of Russian Cossacks to Turkey starting from Nekrasov Cossacks in the 18th century.
 
Σαυρομάτης
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12-Jan-2009 at 19:10
Wikipedia.
A book by Vanda Smohovska called "Michail Chaikowski-Saduk Pasha and the bulgarian Renaissance" from 1973.
And from a book called "Bulgarian armed forces under the Ottoman rule" by general Atanas Hristov 1938.
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
Evrenosgazi View Drop Down
Consul
Consul
Avatar

Joined: 17-Sep-2005
Location: Turkey
Status: Offline
Points: 379
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Evrenosgazi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12-Jan-2009 at 19:54

Hello Czarnian

 
Do you know Bulgarians fighting for the ottomans in the entire period? Any sources
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 06:54
The first bulgarian millitary regiments in the ottoman amry were founded in the late 70's of the XIV century.
 
Right after the battle of Yambol in 1373, the commander of the right flang of the ottoman army Timurtash (don't know if I'm writing the name correctly)
introduced a plan to Murad I regarding the bulgarian military men, which have founded themselves under the sultan's rule in one way or another.
The project was accepted, and ridered by several fermans, the basics of the project were founded on the bulgarian military system form the second half of the XIV century
(evidence for this could be found in the names of the different subdivisions).
By 1377 there were several points оn which that subsidiary bulgarian army was formed:
1- Every bulgarian, who willngly oblige himself to the millitary command, to wage war along the ottoman army,  as a horseman or a foot trooper, with his own horse and weapon, receives the nаmе/title "voinugan/voinik", and the right to be "serbes" - free, оn an equal level with the muslim. He has the right to have and keep weapons, and to wear colorfull clothes.
2- The "voinugans" are separated in to three different groups/divisions/regiments?:
"Voinik - askeri" or "sipahi - oglan" - active militarymen; "Zewaiti - voinugan" - troopers on stand - by, ready to be summoned in the army;  "iamak - voinugan" аssisting the voinugans, divided into several accessory detachments.
3- The "voinugans" were under the command of "subashi" (NCO), "charibashi" (captain), "alai-bei" (colonel) or a "voinugan-bei" (independent knez or voivoda).
Later on, the bulgarian army was lead by "voinugan-great-miudiuri", his headquarters were in Istanbul. One of those "great-miudiuri" was Tarih Mohamed called "charibasha agasi"
he's payment was 1/4 from the djizie tax from the whole Nikopol sandjak.
...
Аccording to some turkish historians, the active voinugans/askeri were about 6000, those
in reserve were probably the same number or more. The number of the "iamak - voinugans" is unknown.
 
source:
Hristov, Atanas. "Bulgarian armed forces under the Ottoman rule". Sofia, 1938.
 
ps
I'm not sure about the way I've translated/transfered the different titles of the military command staff.


Edited by czarnian - 13-Jan-2009 at 07:46
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
Evrenosgazi View Drop Down
Consul
Consul
Avatar

Joined: 17-Sep-2005
Location: Turkey
Status: Offline
Points: 379
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Evrenosgazi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 08:06
Do you know any bulgarian commander whom take place in the initial conquest of Balkans(Christian or Muslim)?
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 08:25

Nope mate, if you have some information pls post it. The only one I can think of is admiral Siuleiman Baltaoglu, who was incharge of the ottoman navy during the siege of Constantinople.

 
I'll post information about different christian/muslilm regiments in the ottoman army soon.


Edited by czarnian - 13-Jan-2009 at 14:15
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 09:27

In the XIV century the ottoman government founded special units called "miuselimi".

 
Their task was to keep the population in the new conquered territories in obedience, to form garrisons and build fortresses. The "miuselimi" were volunteers, both christian(bulgarians) and muslim, they had their own horses, weapons and  clothing. After their retirement the "miuselimi" didn't recieve pension, instead they were givven the income from
a village, much like the spahii.  This kind of "millitary units" were typical for a great number of villages near Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Pazardjik, Odrin, Haskovo etc., all of those villages wore the name Miuselim. In Sofia there was a "Мiuselimova mahala" or neigbourhood.

In a ferman of Mohammed II (1432-1481), after the fall of Constantinople, adressed to all provinces it is written:

"... to inform all christians that if they are willing to join the army, they will be respected
and they will reciev good payment; all chirstian units will be formed by the volunteers;if someone brings 20 volunteers, he will be nominated as a commander of 30 men; all their crimes are forgiven, even the murder of a turk".

In the 16th century, Suleiman the Magnificent (1520–1566) used special christian unit in his wars against Poland, Hungary and Austria called "levent - askeri". In war time the "levent - askeri" unit reached 6000 people. They recieved regular payment and a part of the spoils of war. In a ferman from 1769, it is ordered to the kazaas of Plovdiv, Sofia, Pazardjik, Samokov, Pirot, Razlog and Nevrokop to gather volunteers for a "levent - asker" of 1000 soldiers. All are welcome (muslims and christians), accept gypsies. They took part in the upcomming war, divided in small groups of 50 men.
 
source:
Hristov, Atanas. "Bulgarian armed forces under the Ottoman rule". Sofia, 1938.
 


Edited by czarnian - 13-Jan-2009 at 14:28
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
Evrenosgazi View Drop Down
Consul
Consul
Avatar

Joined: 17-Sep-2005
Location: Turkey
Status: Offline
Points: 379
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Evrenosgazi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 19:36

Really nice. We know that one of the major sources of the devshirme system was bulgarians(After Albania and Serbo croat). Bu t the pashas I dont know. I will try to find some important pasha with bulgarian origin

Back to Top
Majkes View Drop Down
Chieftain
Chieftain
Avatar
Imperial Ambassador

Joined: 06-May-2006
Location: Poland
Status: Offline
Points: 1143
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Majkes Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 21:15
Michał Czajkowski was one of many Polish freedom fighter who after defeat in one of uprisings against Russia escaped from Poland to Turkey to continue his fight. Many of them accepted Islam faith. Among them are also Józef Bem - hero of Poland and Hungar, later known as Yusuf Pasa or Adam Mickiewicz - most famous Polish poet and also grandfather of Turkish poet Nazim Hikmet went the same way.
Back to Top
Sarmat View Drop Down
Immortal Guard
Immortal Guard
Avatar

Joined: 31-May-2007
Location: United States
Status: Offline
Points: 3115
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sarmat Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 21:47
Originally posted by Majkes Majkes wrote:

Adam Mickiewicz - most famous Polish poet and also grandfather of Turkish poet Nazim Hikmet went the same way.
 
Very interesting. Dear Majkes, could you please describe the geneological line from Mickiewicz to Nazim Hikmet more in detail.
Σαυρομάτης
Back to Top
Majkes View Drop Down
Chieftain
Chieftain
Avatar
Imperial Ambassador

Joined: 06-May-2006
Location: Poland
Status: Offline
Points: 1143
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Majkes Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Jan-2009 at 22:12
Originally posted by Sarmat Sarmat wrote:

Originally posted by Majkes Majkes wrote:

Adam Mickiewicz - most famous Polish poet and also grandfather of Turkish poet Nazim Hikmet went the same way.
 
Very interesting. Dear Majkes, could you please describe the geneological line from Mickiewicz to Nazim Hikmet more in detail.
 
Sorry, You missunnderstood me, I was writing too fast maybe. I meant that among those people were Mickiewicz and Nazim Hikmet's grand grandfather. Nazim Hikmet's anecestor was Konstanty Borzęcki who actually fought against Prussians in 1848 uprising and then in Hungary. Later he moved to Turkey and changed his name for Mustafa Dżaleddin-Pasza. He was killed during war with Montenegro.
Back to Top
Sarmat View Drop Down
Immortal Guard
Immortal Guard
Avatar

Joined: 31-May-2007
Location: United States
Status: Offline
Points: 3115
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sarmat Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-Jan-2009 at 03:50
Ok. I see.
 
I believe both the Russian Empire served as a magnite for various opposite forces within the Ottoman Empire as well as vice versa many rebels and anti-Tsarist elements escaped to the Ottoman territory.
Σαυρομάτης
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14-Jan-2009 at 05:40
Originally posted by Evrenosgazi Evrenosgazi wrote:

Really nice. We know that one of the major sources of the devshirme system was bulgarians(After Albania and Serbo croat). Bu t the pashas I dont know. I will try to find some important pasha with bulgarian origin

 
Еxcept admiral Baltaouglu, two other navy commanders are concidered bulgarians. The first one is Voinuk Ahmed pasha know also as Bulgar Ahmed, he was kapudan - dairia (navy commander)
of the Ottoman empire from the 18th of june 1648 to july 28 1649. He died in the battle of Krit.
The other one was Kasabapbashi Hasan pasha, born in Dimotika, he was a navy commander from 1818 - 1819.
 
Sources:
Runciman, St. "The Fall Constantinople 1453"
Shishmanov, D. "The unusual story of the maloasian bulgarians"
 
As for the devshirme, those are the known years, in which the devshirme was "collected" in the bulgarian lands: 1538; 1543; 1567; 1601; 1610; 1622; 1646; 1705.
Here is a quote from prof. Ismail Hakki Uzuncarsih, which illustrates the sole purpose of the system:
"In Rumelia the devsirme law is very important in two main aspects: first..., to train troops in the e janissary centers, and on the other hand - to increase the islamic population and eventualy "turkizise"  Rumelia."
 
source:
prof. Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşıh, "Kapukulu ocakları", Ankara, 1943, Т. I. 
 
As for Baltaoglu, I have a little more info about him.
He is concidered bulgarian from numerous sources both turkish and european.
In his work "Vie et mort de Bizance" / "The life and death of Byzantium", the renowned byzantologist Louis Bréhier, wrote that the ottoman navy was "commanded by
bulgarian renegade Baltaoglu".
When describing the ottoman navy in the siege of Constantinople, Duka states:
" That man, called the son of Palda (Balta, Balto) descends from the bulgarians: from one of the bulgarian arhonts. Long ago he was turned into slavery, denied his father's piety (or devotion) and became a slave to Mohhamed. He was the same man, that four years ago set sail against
Lesbos and took many captives. But for his seamen, he was a bad friend, who took away all of their booty/spoil. And when one of the "azali" saw him beaten by the tyrant, picked up a stown
and hit him on the head, pockin out one of his eyes. When the ships reached the harbour, the people from the city loosen the chain, and geve them way to move forward".
 
ps
Here is how the banner of the mixed christian/muslim or entirely christian(bulgarian, greek, etc.) regiments looked like:
  


Edited by czarnian - 22-Jan-2009 at 18:16
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26-Feb-2009 at 08:40
The story (or genealogy) of a bulgarian voinugan kin.
 
The kin of Bimbelovi / from the first half of the XIV century the kin were known as Beleni/.
 
The Bimbelovi are one of the favoured clans (kin) among the castle (fort, village, town) defenders – the so called “voinishki”  -from voinugan (or visa versa) clans in Fakia* district (province). Firstly they were called Beleni or Belovci, after 1683 they received the name Bimbelovci (from the turkish “bin – beli” / “a thousand mischiefs”) for their active resistance against the ottomans. They were the leaders of the local population of Fakia, and they were recognized as leaders by the Second Bulgarian empire and the Ottoman empire (between 1512 and 1830 the men form the kin wore the title “aga”). Parts of the kin left Fakia around 1786 (during the time of the “kırcaali”) and found a village named Chengene skelia, others moved to Sozopol (1809) and to Besarabia (1830).
 
The founders of the kin (clan) were Efrosina and Momchil born in the second half of the XIII century. According to Nikifor Grigora they were “simple people, from an ordinary kin”.

1)      Efrosina was a nun /XIV century, her real name was Stoyanka/. She was the sister of despot Momchil* /1305 – 07. 07. 1345/.

2)      Momchil /1305 – 07. 07. 1345/ was a “honsar” (brigand); he was also a “stratiot” in service to the Roman empire; a mercenary leading an army of 2000 men in the court of king St. Dushan; he was assigned as ruller of Meropa (a region in the Rodopa mountain) by Joan Kantakuzin . He was offered the title of “despot” by Anna Savoiska (the mother of the young Joan V Paleolog) if he was to fight for them against Kantakuzin, which he gladly accepted thus  becoming an independent ruler of Meropa. In june  of 1344 he  successfully forced out the fleet of Umur beg from Abdera (destroying 3 of the 15 ships). Not long after that, he successfully ambushed Kantakuzin, capturing a lot of his men. A few months later, he joined Kantakuzin and received the title “sevastokrator”, and  declared the town of Xanthi* (in greek -  Ξάνθη; in turkish – İskeçe) to be his capital. He had the following castles (towns, villages) in his possession: St. Irina (near Smolian) and Podvisd (near the village of Ustowo); Ksanti – capital, Peritor and Hristopolis (Kavala), Koznik, St. Nedelia, several castles near Krumgrad. He had 300 horsemen and 5000 foot troopers. Momchil was killed in a battle with Kantakuzin’s army (who was reinforced by Joan Assen – Kntakuzin’s brother-in-law and by Umur beg) near the castle of Peritor.

3)      Raiko /XIV/. He was Momchil’s cousin. Leader of his army. In the battle of Peritor he was left with 50 men do defend the castle. After Momchil’s death he returned back home to Moesia /Bulgaria/ with Momchil’s wife and the rest of his soldiers. Kantakuzin allowed them, to take all of their possessions with them.

4)      Valko Dobrudzanski /second half of XIV century/ - son of Efrosina (Momchil’s sister). Voyevoda and ruler of Fakia and it’s catles: Belewren, Karwarsara, Saralak. Along with his brothers Peicho and Niko he fought against Murad I. He killed his brother Peicho, and with his army  moved to Dobrudza. He fought near  Babadag and was wounded near the Mara castle (west of the Tulcha river). He died in Vulkovo village.

5)      Peiko and Niko /second half of the XIV century/ - twin sons of Efrosina. They fought with their brother against Murad I, and were co-rulers of Fakia. Peiko was killed by Valko. Niko surrendered to the ottomans and kept his title and army (the army’s rallying point was at Voinik – Bakadzik - 30km from Yambol).

 

The next known member of the kin of Bimbelov is Peicho Ovcharia (the shepherd), known also as “Chantala Peicho”.

6)      Peicho Ovcharia /end of the XV century to the first half of the XVI century/ - grandson of Peicho (Efrosina’s son). He had a great number of flocks, so he was called the shepherd or “ovchar”. He was given the title “aga” by Selim I (1512 – 1520) for his participation in the civil war between Selim and his father Baiazid II. He died after 1522. The title of “aga” from that day forward was worn by every male member of the kin.

 

7)      “Chantala” Stoyan /first half of the XVII century – 1683/ - son of Niko, grand - grandson of Peicho Ovcharia  “Chantala”. His two older brothers were killed by the ottomans. He became an “aga” by right. Stoyan participate in the siege of Viena (1683). He died the same year, probably during the siege.

 

8)      Deli Peicho /XVII century/ - younger brother of “Chantala” Stoyan. He became an outlaw – “haidut”.

 

9)      Niko aga  /XVII century/ - son of Stoyan, husband of Lava Nikiovica from the village of Voinik (Voinuk).

 

10)   Stoyan Nikov and Valko Nikov /middle of the XVII century – 1729 (probably)/. Stoyan aga and Valko aga are both sons of Niko aga. Actually they received the nickname “binbela”. It was said that: “They weren’t Beleni, they were “beli” (a turkish word for mischief), but not one, not two, not five, not ten, not hundred, but a thousand – binbela”. They gave the new name of the kin Binbela – Binbeli. They were close friends and were in correspondence with the kin of Dzimbrilovtzi (they were named that way because they used to squeeze their turkish captives between rocks like “dzibri” (marc – a plant from which one can make white brandy), Palezkovi (they used to burn alive their captives) and the Zguevtzi (who also used to burn people).

 

11)   Marin Palabuiuk /end of the XVII century - 1732/ - aga, son of Stoyan Nikov. He became aga after the deaths of his father and uncle. He was described as big, moustached and very hard. On a celebration (engagement ceremony) in Tagarkioi  Marin got drunk. A bull charged at the people, Marin Palabuik said: “Let’s see will you charge me ?”. As you can guess, he was stabed by the bull. He died by his wounds. He had a daughter called Mira, she died in 1759.

 

12)   Marincho the Senior /end of the XVII – 1762/ - aga, son of Valko Nikov. He became aga after the death of his cousin Marin Palabuiuk (1732). He participated in the battle of Poltava (1709) along with the ottoman -swedish army. After their defeat, he escorted the swedish king Karl XII from Bender, thorough Fakia (Karl XII gave a gift to Marincho’s wife) to Demotika.  To show his gratitude, Karl XII gave Marincho a blue ribbon, which was weared over the showder (in Europe the blue ribbon was the sign and was given to dukes). Marincho was aga from 1732 to 1762. He kept distance from the atrocities commited by his brother Peicho, the Dzimbrilovtzi, the Palezkovi and the Zguevtzi. He was described like a big man, with big eyes and mustaches, and a deep voice. He wore clean clothes and used to ride arabian stallion. He wasn’t a funny man, he hated the drunks and the monks. He was also fluent in turkish, moldovian and greek . When he got old, he started riding russian horses, and wearing “tight european boots” , he “loved to praise Karl’s ribbon”. His wife Dafna Marinchovitza, “lived almost 100 years”, she was  smart and was fluent  also in turkish and greek.

 

13)   Niko the Calm /end of the XVII – 1775/ - farmer and cattle – breeder, son of Valko. He had only one son – hadzi Valko.

 

14)   Peicho Sheitana /end of the XVII – 1781/ - aga, son of Valko. He was married to Stoyanka Dzibrilova from the kin of Dzibrilovtzi. In 1762 he rejected the tite “aga”, and refused to wear a “chanta”. He was called a “sheitan” (devil in turkish), cause he had no hair, eyebrows, beard and mustaches. It was said that he didn’t have a nose also. He had insomnia.

 

15)   Stoyan the Molla – son of Marincho the Senior. He studied in Constantinople; Mira – daughter of Marincho Palabuiuk. She studied in Constantinople with her cousin Stoyan; Dafna – daughter of Stoyan the Molla. She was married to Marincho Zguev (died in 1820).

 

16)   Valko Sheitanpeichev Bimbelov */middle of the XVIII century – 1831/ - son of Peicho Sheitana. A fighter against the ottoman rule. During the civil war in the empire (beginning of the XIX century) and during the Russian – Ottoman war (1828 – 1829) he tried to unite the “haiduk” cheti (squads) in south - wester Bulgaria. After the Odrin peace treaty, he moved to Besarabia.



Fakia* - It’s first name was Slanik, settlers from the village of Fakia - in modern day Kiustendil district, renamed Slanik during the rule of tzar Peter I (927 – 970). Tzar Peter I made from Fakia (Slanik) a city and made a rode from Fakia to Preslav called “Peter’s road” („Петров друм”). The castle (fortress) surrounding the city was called Omor Faki (from “omorfa” – beautiful, named after emperor Nikifor Foka, who passed through the city in 971.). After the fall of Fakia in 1367 under the ottoman rule, the city went downhill. According to Dzura pasha: “There isn’t such a place, in the whole empire, which has as many castles (fortresses) as Fakia.”.           Niko became a vassal of Murad and kept a lot of his possessions: fortresses, land, own army. Fakia’s borders were: east – Black see; west – Tundza river; north – the Balkan mountain; saouth – Strandza mountain.

Momchil** - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Momchil

Xanthi*** - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthi

Valko Sheitanpeichev Bimbelov**** - He is the legendary “Valchan voyevoda” – known from the bulgarian folk tales and songs. His first wife was from Ohrid. She was kidnapped by the “bei” of Itaprakioi, who took her to his harem in Odrin. Valcho sieged his “chiflik” (manor) for 3 days, after that he burned it to the ground. He took the bei’s daughter, which was 10 years old. When she turned 16, Valcho made her his second wife. Valchan voyevoda was in correspondence with the russian emperor Nikolai I, with general Dibich (serbian in the russian army) and several bulgarian voyevodas. After the end of the war (1828 – 1829) Valchan moved to Besarabia with few members of his kin (including Stefan Todorov Dimov / Stefan Karadzha*). Valko died in 1831 in Braila.

Stefan Karadzha***** - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Karadzha

 

sources:

1)    Giozelev, V. – “Momchil iunak”;

2)    Haitov, N. – “Masters of Rodopa”;

3)    Haitov, N. – “Rodopa legends”;

4)    Neikov, B. - “Fakian legends, collection of folk stories about the forefathers of the voyevoda Stefan Karadzha. Stefan Karadzha and his forefathers”;

5)    Pavlov, P.- “Who is who in medieval Bulgaria”;

Submitted by my friend Ivanko. The original topic can be found here: http://nauka.bg/forum/index.php?showtopic=4283&mode=linear

 



Edited by czarnian - 28-Feb-2009 at 11:11
Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
czarnian View Drop Down
Samurai
Samurai
Avatar

Joined: 06-Jul-2008
Location: Bulgaria
Status: Offline
Points: 149
Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote czarnian Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15-Apr-2009 at 07:12

Another ottoman politician and military leader, from bulgarian origin, was the grand vizier Hafas Ahmed Pasha (1625 – 1632) – in his biography it’s said that he was “from pomak origin” and was born in Plovdiv. It is said that he was a good poet and singer who had a beautiful voice. Sultan Ahmed I made him a his personal advisor and gave him the rang of vizier. On the 9th of February 1608 he was nominated as “kapudan – deria” and for governor of the Damask and Diabekir provinces (vilayets). He was appointed as a Grand vizier in 1625 and send, in charge of a great army, to free Bagdad from the Iranian/Persian rebels. He failed in his mission and was relegated form his status of grand vizier. He managed to marry the one of Ahmed’s daughters and sister of the future sultan Murad IV. As a brother-in-law of the sultan, he was again appointed as a grand vizier in 1631. He was killed in 1632 during one of the janissary uprisings.

Sources:

D. Shishmanov: “The unusual story of the Bulgarians from Asia Minor”, Sofia, 2001.

Ismail Hami Danismend: "Izahlı Osmanlı tarihi kronolojisi", Istanbul, 1950, Т. III, p. 504-505.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomaks

 

The grand vizier Kalafat Mehmed Pasha is considered Bulgarian by all Turkish historians “He was from Bulgarian origin”. He was born in a village near Sofia, maybe the village of Novi Han, and his parents were Bulgarians. He was taken/given to the janissary corps and after years of service he reached the position of janissary aga. He was appointed for grand vizier by the sultan in 1778. The ottoman chroniclers describe the man as a very brave and loyal subject of the sultan. He was relegated from his title after 22 months, because he wasn’t able to keep the Empire’s secrets. He died as a governor of the Beograd stronghold.

Sources:

D. Shishmanov: “The unusual story of the Bulgarians from Asia Minor”, Sofia, 2001.

Ord. prof. Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşıh. "Osmanlı tarihi ", Ankara, 1959, Т. IV, с. 424-427.

Books about bulgarian history in english, german, french, etc...
http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=9474
Back to Top
 Post Reply Post Reply
  Share Topic   

Forum Jump Forum Permissions View Drop Down

Forum Software by Web Wiz Forums® version 11.10
Copyright ©2001-2017 Web Wiz Ltd.

This page was generated in 0.078 seconds.