I was wondering if anyone had heard of or knew anything about Syracusan military leader Dionysius, who was a very successful and talented leader. Can anyone share any information about this underappreciated warrior? Here is what I know about him:
He reigned between 405-367 B.C. in the Sicilian city of Syracuse. He strenghened the power of Syracuse by fighting a number of wars against Carthage, which made me fascinated in him. Here is a chronology of his life:
404- After gaining power the year before, Dionysis concludes a war with Carthage.
403-400- Expanded Syracusan control over neighboring regions.
398-397- First War with Carthage. A Carthaginian army under Hilmilco besieges Syracuse, but is droven away by heavy loses. Carthage loses the war and abandons territory in the eastern and central rgions of Sicily.
392- Second War with Carthage. Syracuse is successful and establishes rule over much of the Island of Sicily. Carthage retains minor territory.
389- Dionysius established Syracuse as the leading power in the central mediterranean by defeating the Italiote League in the Battle of Elleporus. Dionysius had conquered Sicily and South Italy.
385-376- Third War with Carthage. This time Carthage is successful and as a result they substantially increased territory in the western and central regions of Sicily.
368-367- Fourth War with Carthage. This was inconclusive, but ended with the death of the Syracusan ruler Dionysius.
After his death in 367, Syracuse suffered from two decades of turmoil ending in the ascendency of another very capable military ruler, Timoleon.
Source: R. Ernest Dupuy and Trevor N. Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1986. Pages 56-67.
More Information on Dionysius:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysius_I_of_Syracuse - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysius_I_of_Syracuse
http://www.barca.fsnet.co.uk/syracuse-history.htm - http://www.barca.fsnet.co.uk/syracuse-history.htm
http://www.fanaticus.org/DBA/armies/dba34.html - http://www.fanaticus.org/DBA/armies/dba34.html
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/D/Di/Dionysius_of_Syracuse.htm - http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/D/Di/Dionysius _of_Syracuse.htm
http://www.ancientroute.com/people/Dionysius1.htm - http://www.ancientroute.com/people/Dionysius1.htm
http://www.findword.org/di/dionysius-of-syracuse.html - http://www.findword.org/di/dionysius-of-syracuse.html
Indeed, history is nothing more than a tableau of crimes and misfortunes.
French author, humanist, rationalist, & satirist (1694 - 1778)