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Roman Invasion of Greece (Sparta)

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Topic: Roman Invasion of Greece (Sparta)
Posted By: ccgo
Subject: Roman Invasion of Greece (Sparta)
Date Posted: 08-Jun-2007 at 06:45
Hey, does anyone know (preferably on the internet), where there is any information on the Roman (final) invasion of Greece, specifically down to the city-states. I am interested in the defeat and occupation of Sparta, but only seem to be able to find generic information about the whole war.

Thanks



Replies:
Posted By: Yiannis
Date Posted: 08-Jun-2007 at 07:17

As far as I know Rome never fought with Sparta. By that time Sparta was not to be considered a military power to be reckoned with.

Romans were able to defeat the different Greek powers by simply using one against the other. In most of the battles there were more Greeks fighting against other Greeks than actual Romans. Overall the idea was that first there was a war with the Kingdom of Macedonia and then the Romans turned on Southern Greece with most prominent event the destruction of Corinth.
 
Roman yoke on Greece was relatively light. Already before Rome had interfered militarily in Greece the two people were increasingly in touch and most prominent Romans received a Greek education. This later led to a kind of "kinship" between the two cultures, as they're known the "GrecoRoman civilization".
 
 Romans after the devastating wars with Carthage and especially after being trained in war by the hard lessons in defeats at the hands of Hannibal barca, were now the most devastating war machine the world has known. They could draw reserves from a vast manpower base and their military techniques were well advanced. It was only a matter of time after the destruction of Carthage to take it up with the rest of the world. Simply "if you have a war machine in your hands, at some point in time you will inevidably use it". Perhaps we can also today learn some lessons from history.


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The basis of a democratic state is liberty. Aristotle, Politics

Those that can give up essential liberty to obtain a temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. Benjamin Franklin


Posted By: Knights
Date Posted: 08-Jun-2007 at 07:18
Originally posted by ccgo ccgo wrote:

Hey, does anyone know (preferably on the internet), where there is any information on the Roman (final) invasion of Greece, specifically down to the city-states. I am interested in the defeat and occupation of Sparta, but only seem to be able to find generic information about the whole war.

Thanks


Hi ccgo,

Livy provides us with some excellent accounts in his History of Rome, of the Roman conquering of Greece.
http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=Liv4His.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=7&division=div1 - Book 32 accounts the Second Macedonian War.
http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=Liv5His.sgm&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=1&division=div1 - Book 33 also gives us an insight into Rome's war against Macedon.
Books 34 onwards further describe Roman antics against Antiochus, Macedon.etc.

This site too gives an overview of the Roman conquest of Greece:
http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ROME/CONQHELL.HTM - http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ROME/CONQHELL.HTM

A man named Titus Quinctius Flaminius might be worth looking up.
Plutarch gives a biography of T.Q. Flaminius in his Lives -
http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/flaminin.html - http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/flaminin.html

I'll get back to you with more resources later...

- Knights -


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