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Forum LockedIranian influence in Anatolia

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    Posted: 13-Aug-2007 at 16:51

With Turkish immigration into Anatolia it wasn't only the Turkish families that came to this region. They brought much of the culture, key linguistic components, and religion from Iran. It got to the point where a muslim Arab traveller would find Anatolia a foreign land indeed. Can you list some of the Iranian influences that the early Turk settlers brought with them?



Edited by Seko - 13-Aug-2007 at 16:59
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote ArmenianSurvival Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2007 at 17:06
     Well a lot of older Iranian influences were already there with the native Armenians of the highland and the Kurds of southeastern Anatolia. The latter being an Iranian people while the former was a not Iranian but under Iranian influence for centuries. The influence was mostly on how to organize and run the state, which was influenced by Iranian models of government, and also some root words were borrowed from Iranian as well as some cultural similarities.

     As for the other influences.... Islamic states at that time had their bureaucracy heavily influenced by the older, Persian models, since Persians had centuries of experience running countries while the Arabs and Turks didn't have extensive experience in that field. Indeed many of the major Islamic states/empires were run by Persian aristocrats.

     Also, Islamic culture in general (which was brought to Anatolia by way of Turkic tribes) was heavily influenced by Persian culture. Some of the major Islamic revolts/revivals/awakenings happened in the Iranian province of Khoresan and spread to the near east and other areas.

Edited by ArmenianSurvival - 13-Aug-2007 at 17:09
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Seko Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Aug-2007 at 18:04

Even before the Seljuks, Armenian and Kurdish populations continued Iranianian traditions. Thanks for the examples ArmenianSurvival. Please provide some more.

Konya eventually became the capital city of the Seljuks of Rum where Turks, Greeks, Armenians, Persians and Jews were residents. In various city outskirts one would find Turkoman tribes roaming the countryside. It was with the Great Seljuks that Turkish government had ruling beaurocracy in parts of Anatolia. This was followed by the Ilhanids.  They both had one thing in common. Ruling Anatolia from Iran.
 
Ibn Battuta, a Morrocan, noticed the fityan (akhis) associations. These were a brotherhood of unmarried men representing artisan classes in Anatolian towns. They would provide solidarity and aid in urban environments. They were Turkish 'muslim hosts' who fostered hospitality to visitors. Yet, like the Sufis, the fityan organization had its roots in Iran. Though Turkish dynasties were profoundly influenced by Byzantine architecture and customs, and Arab legalities; the Persian influence provided moslem scholars, artisans, and more architectural innovations.
 
 
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