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Forum LockedEthiopian attack on Makkah

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Komnenos View Drop Down
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    Posted: 28-Oct-2006 at 04:33
Read a chapter on the rise of Islam in Gibbon's "Decline and Fall....", where he mentions that the Christian Axumite Kingdom of Ethiopia, which at the time controlled the Yemen and surrounds, besieged and almost conquered Makkak, around the time of Mohammad's birth.
 
Two questions:
1. Does anyone know more details, who and how and why etc.?
2. Would anyone care to speculate what had happened if they had succeeded?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote OSMANLI Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 28-Oct-2006 at 05:50

This event is very famous and had happend in the same year as the birth of the Prophet Muhammed, Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) (the year 571). Although the Prophet PBUH was not born during this evetn.

The begining of this event actually goes back further to the year 523. A Jew named Dhu Nawas campaigend against the Christian of Najran, with the aim of converting them to Judaism. Due to their refusal Dhu Nawas had the Christians thrown in a ditch and then set them on fire.
 
This is the reason for the second conquest of Yemen by Ethiopia (Abyssinia). The Roman Christian's helped the Ethiopian Christian state to go against the Arabs. They assebled a fleet of 70,000 warriors to help the Ethiopian's. Under the leadership of Eriat they succeded in the year 525.
Eriat was given rulership of Yemen untill he was assasinated by a fellow army leader, Abrahah. With the permision of the Ethiopian King, Abrahah was granted as the leader of Yemen.
 
It was Abrahah who aimed at destroying the Kaba.
 
At the approuch of this grand army the inhabitants of Makkah fled to the hills. The Ethiopian army was approuching from the direction of Taif.
 
Upon the army was grand elephants. When they came close birds flew over Abrahah's army and dropped rocks frim their beaks. The elephants began to run away in panic and many of the soldiers died.
 
For more details:
 
Al-Yaman 'Abrat-Tarikh pp.77, 83, 124, 130, 157, 161
 
Tarikh Ardil-Qur'an 1/133
 
Tarikhul-Arab Qablal-Islam 105-151
 
The Sealed Nector pp48-49
 
The early life of Muhammad (PBUH) p6-7

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Sparten Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 28-Oct-2006 at 06:14
Originally posted by Komnenos Komnenos wrote:

Read a chapter on the rise of Islam in Gibbon's "Decline and Fall....", where he mentions that the Christian Axumite Kingdom of Ethiopia, which at the time controlled the Yemen and surrounds, besieged and almost conquered Makkak, around the time of Mohammad's birth.
 
Two questions:
1. Does anyone know more details, who and how and why etc.?
2. Would anyone care to speculate what had happened if they had succeeded?
Well we have had the theological explanations. Basically it was an attmpt to take Mecca and control its trade route. It was called the year of the elephant, due to the number of elephants in the invading army.
 
Muhammads family and specifically his Grand father played a big role in repelling the invasion. Muhammad was also born around the time of or during the invasion.
 
The Germans also take vacations in Paris; especially during the periods they call "blitzkrieg".
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